Hydroponics is a well known and popular method for growing plants in a limited space. Aeroponics is the same but even better. This is because Aeroponics, unlike hydroponics, do not require any medium at all. The roots of the plants in an aeroponic system are unsubmerged. This is advantageous because it allows for the roots to receive a constant supply of carbon dioxide and oxygen. And as such, the plant is spurred to grow even faster and healthier. Aeroponics is even more efficient than hydroponics or traditional gardening as less water and nutrients are utilized in the process.
In this article, we will be briefly going through fourteen different ways that you can build your own aeroponics system at home.
1. Low-Pressure Aeroponics System
Normally, you would want to build a high-pressure aeroponic system. This is simply more efficient as the mist produced would be finer and better for plant growth. However, high-pressure systems are difficult to DIY and maintain. Therefore, an easier solution would be a low-pressure system.
This DIY is simple and easy to create as it simply uses a submersible pump, two buckets, PVC spray bars, and misting nozzles. One bucket is used as the reservoir to hold the nutrient solution while the other is used as an internal environment where the roots of the plants can be suspended. The PVC spray bars are connected to tubing and placed within the second bucket and the tubing connects to the submersible pump. The submersible pump is then placed within the reservoir and hence, the nutrient solution can be pumped and sprayed onto the roots of the plant.
2. Garden Pool: Sprinkler Design
This is a simple design that can be used for up to six plots of plants. Essentially, PVC pipes are connected to a sprinkler head. And within the system, there are a total of six sprinkler heads. The overall PVC pipe structure is then connected to a fountain pump which pushes the nutrient solution into the pipes and out of the sprinklers. This entire set up is housed in a rectangular container with a lid. Holes are cut into the lid of the container for net pots to be inserted into.
If you’re into cloning plants, this is a great option for that.
3. Garden Pool: Bucket Design
This is another project by Garden Pool but it is better than the previous one. It is smaller and uses less water but can grow more plants. This entire system is created by using a hydroponic pump to pump the nutrient solution from a riser through a 360-degree sprinkler head. This allows efficient spraying of the roots of all the plants in the system.
4. Aeroponics DIY: High-Pressure Aeroponics System
As mentioned, high-pressure aeroponic systems are better and more efficient. This method is more technical and complicated and may not be suited for beginners. Essentially, this system uses a high-pressure water pump, a pre-pressurized accumulator tank, an electrical-solenoid hooked to an adjustable relay timer, a pressure switch and multiple mister nozzles to work. The pre-pressurized accumulator tank is helpful as it helps to partially pressurize the nutrient solution first. As such, the pump does not have to work as hard. The electrical-solenoid is then needed to allow for the system to be automated. And the pressure switch is needed for choosing what pressure the pump works on. Through the combination of these items and a container, you could create a high-pressure aeroponic system to use.
5. The Gutter System
This DIY is great because it eliminates a huge problem of aeroponics – clogged nozzles! Instead, what this system does is instead have tiny holes drilled into a smaller PVC pipe tubing. This tubing runs on the side of a bigger PVC pipe. The bigger PVC pipe has bigger holes cut into the length to serve as placeholders for your plants. The nutrient solution can be pumped at a high pressure along the smaller PVC pipe for the solution to spray out. This can then be repeated in a series of channels to allow for more plant growth.
6. Barns Farm & Garden: 35 Sites Aeroponic Cloner
This system is great if you are interested in cloning plants as there are many plant sites. This system works similarly to Garden Pool’s Sprinkler System. The only difference is that it is magnified and can fit more plants. Otherwise, the same type of PVC piping and sprinklers are used to create a low-pressure aeroponic system.
7. Tamanaka Collective: Small Space Aeroponics
This system is especially great if you have limited space as it is built to maximize space and plant growth. Mainly, this system created a circular pipe system with sprinkler heads installed around the circle. The growth tray is then one that is pyramid-shaped and has holes cut into each surface for plants to be placed at. The circular sprinkler system is then placed at the bottom of the pyramid tray to spray the roots with the nutrient solution.
8. Darkstar1: Raspberry Pi Automated System
This system is similar to the sprinkler systems mentioned in this article. However, instead of using a sprinkler, this system uses a misting or fogger device. This ensures that the nutrient solution is supplied in fine molecules to your plants. Darkstar1 also makes use of Raspberry Pi, a programming device, to automate the system. It also takes photos of your plants. And many other commands can be programmed into it to allow you to have better control over your plant’s environment.
9. Art Garden: Vertical Systems
This is another great but extremely technical and complicated design. Art Garden essentially builds huge vertical systems for their plants. Their plants are housed in PVC elbow connector pipes into the main growth system. A pump is then used to push the nutrient solution into pipes and through nozzles to mist the air with the nutrient solution. This DIY is more suited for those who have a gardening area that they can dedicate properly to aeroponics.
10. Aeroponic.net: High-Pressure Aeroponics System
This system is also similarly built to Aeroponics DIY’s high-pressure system. However, it uses 18-gallon Roughneck Rubbermaid totes as reservoirs. What’s special about this DIY however, is the way that clogging is prevented. To put it simply, fuel filter bags are used as a way to ensure that dirt doesn’t enter the system. And therefore, no clogging will occur. These filter bags can also be easily washed or replaced and hence, are a great solution to clogging.
11. Aeroponics Tower
This system is similar to the Art Garden’s vertical system. However, it is smaller and uses more basic materials to build. This version is also a low-pressure system that mists the roots of the plants. A manifold is used to distribute the nutrient solution around the tower to ensure that all the plant roots are misted.
12. Aeroponics Tree
This is largely similar to the above Aeroponics Tower. It is simply longer but thinner and built more like a tree trunk. Within the tree, there is a pipe with three sets of spray heads spraying the nutrient solution. The tree’s base is open and this allows for unused solutions to also be drained out. A great advantage of this tree is also that it is movable, as compared to the other towers. This means that it can easily be placed in a different area if different conditions are needed.
13. Tribe Awesome Teens: Automated Aeroponics Garden
This system is amazingly complex as it utilizes solar power, rails, and Arduino programming. The basics of the system are built with foam, an ultrasonic fogger, and buckets as reservoirs. However, the incorporation of solar power and Arduino makes it amazingly sophisticated. Solar power allows for Arduino to run and the Arduino programming allows for automation of this entire system.
14. Rail Aeroponic System
This system is built with six rails that were previously hollow fence posts. Each rail is drilled with a hole for a net pot to be inserted into it. There are then pipes connecting all six rails and sprinkler heads run within the rails to spray the plant roots with nutrient solution. The entire build is highly similar to other sprinkler systems but this build especially runs them in a series of channels or rails.
The above aeroponic DIYs are all amazing inventions created by gardeners around the world. They utilize simple household materials and transform them into an aeroponic system for themselves. If you are interested in building any of these systems, you should definitely watch or read their instructions and try it out yourself too!